Obtaining a building permit is a crucial step in the construction process, and the requirements vary depending on the type of building you plan to construct. In this article, we will outline the general process for plan submission and approval in Kerala, India, covering various types of buildings.
Plan Submission & Approval
Types of Buildings:
- Residential Building
- Special Residential Buildings: Includes lodges, tourist homes, hostels, resorts, and dormitories.
- Educational Buildings
- Clinics and Hospitals
- Assembly Buildings: Comprising cinema theatres, assembly halls, auditoriums, wedding halls, and community halls.
- Office and Business Buildings
- Commercial and Trading Buildings
- Industrial Buildings
- Small-scale Industrial Buildings
- Large Industrial Buildings
- Storage Buildings: Such as warehouses and garages.
- Hazardous Buildings: Including automobile workshops, service stations, service garages, welding workshops, and PVC pipe factories.
Regardless of the building type, the process begins with preparing a detailed plan adhering to Kerala Municipal Rules. This plan must be submitted to the relevant authorities, which could be the Grama Panchayat, Municipality, or Corporation, for approval before commencing construction.
Key Considerations for Residential Buildings:
- Open Space:
- Front Portion: Minimum 3 meters for buildings up to 10 meters in height (but not less than 1.80 meters).
- Back Portion: 2 meters (not less than 1 meter).
- For buildings with a 7-meter height, an average of 1.50 meters is required (but not less than 1 meter on any side).
- Note: Buildings up to 7 meters in height can be constructed without leaving space if written permission is obtained from adjacent land/building owners.
- Space on Sides:
- Minimum 1.20 meters for buildings up to 10 meters in height.
- 1 meter is required for the other side.
- Ventilator provision is allowed if there is a minimum width of 75 cm.
Navigating these regulations can be complex. Our team of experts is ready to assist you with detailed drawings and online building plan approvals, ensuring a smooth process.
Required Documents for Building Permit:
When applying for a building permit, you must submit the following documents along with your online application:
- Elevation Drawing
- Floor Plan
- Section Drawings
- Land Tax Receipt
- Copy of the Original Deed
- Sanction Drawing
These documents, in their original form, are submitted to the municipality/corporation for verification. Your application will be assigned a file number by the local self-governing body office.
Inspection and Approval:
A building inspector will visit the construction site to verify the accuracy of your application data and compliance with Kerala Municipal Building Rules (KMBR). Upon approval, you’ll receive your building permit, allowing you to begin property preparations.
After completing the construction, the respective Municipality/Corporation will inspect the project. If it meets all requirements, they will issue a Completion Certificate, confirming that the structure aligns with the approved plan, building permit, and other regulatory standards.
With these steps completed, you’re on your way to successfully construct your building in Kerala, knowing that it meets all necessary regulations and standards.