Different Types of Piling

Piling is a crucial construction technique used to support and stabilize structures, especially in areas with challenging soil conditions or heavy loads. Different types of piling methods are employed based on the specific requirements of a project. 

Here are some common types of piling:

Driven Piles

Driven piles are installed by forcefully driving them into the ground using heavy machinery like pile drivers or hydraulic hammers. These piles can be made of materials such as steel, concrete, or wood. They are effective for providing strong load-bearing capacity and are often used in bridge construction, foundation work, and marine structures.

Bored Piles

Bored piles, also known as drilled shafts or auger-cast piles, are created by drilling a hole into the ground and filling it with concrete or another suitable material. They are used when precise depths and load-bearing capacity are required. Bored piles are often used in high-rise building foundations and other structures.

Screw Piles 

Screw piles, also called helical piles, are made of steel and have helical blades on the shaft. They are screwed into the ground to provide stability and support. Screw piles are versatile and are used in various applications, including supporting lightweight structures, solar panel installations, and foundation work in remote locations.


Micropiles are small-diameter piles, typically less than 12 inches in diameter. They are used in situations where limited space or access is a concern, such as underpinning existing structures, stabilizing embankments, or supporting foundations in urban areas.

Composite Piles

Composite piles combine different materials, such as concrete and steel, to take advantage of the strengths of each material. This provides a cost-effective and durable solution for various construction needs.

Sheet Piles

Sheet piles are long, thin sections of material, often made of steel or concrete, that are driven into the ground to create retaining walls, cofferdams, or bulkheads. They are commonly used in waterfront construction, such as for docks and seawalls.

Different types of Piling

The choice of piling method depends on factors like soil conditions, the required load-bearing capacity, site constraints, and project specifications. 

KJASons® are the professionals for any questions about the selection, design, and implementation of piling methods in construction projects. 

Our expertise can help ensure the appropriate piling solution for your specific needs, contributing to the stability and longevity of your structures.