The Basics of Land Surveying

Land surveying is a fundamental practice in the field of geospatial sciences that involves the measurement and mapping of the Earth’s surface. 

This discipline plays a critical role in various industries, from construction and land development to environmental planning and infrastructure design. 

Land surveying is all about gathering accurate data about the Earth’s terrain, boundaries, and other geographical features. 

KJASons®, a prominent company in the construction and architectural industry, recognizes the significance of land surveying and offers comprehensive services in this field. 

In this guide, we will explore the basics of land surveying, its applications, and how KJASons® can assist in various surveying needs.

The Basics of Land Surveying

Purpose and Scope

Land surveying serves several purposes, including establishing boundaries, creating maps, and providing precise measurements for construction and engineering projects. 

It involves accurately measuring and representing the Earth’s surface, including the dimensions, contours, and geographic features.

Instruments and Tools

Land surveyors use a range of tools and instruments, including total stations, theodolites, GPS equipment, and laser rangefinders. 

These tools enable them to measure angles, distances, and elevations with high precision.

Measurement Methods

Surveyors use methods like triangulation and trilateration to find where points are on the Earth’s surface.

These methods involve using known reference points and mathematical calculations to create accurate measurements.

Field Work

Fieldwork is a crucial aspect of land surveying. Surveyors visit the site and collect data by taking measurements, recording observations, and marking points with surveying equipment. We use this data to make maps and reports.

Land surveying often deals with the law, especially in boundary surveys.

Accurate surveying is vital for settling property disputes, establishing property lines, and ensuring that landowners have clear, legally justifiable records of their property boundaries.

Applications of Land Surveying

Construction and Development:

Land surveying is essential in the construction industry for site planning, grading, and infrastructure design. It ensures that construction projects are accurately placed and adhere to zoning and land use rules.

Real Estate:

In real estate, land surveying is crucial for defining property boundaries, ensuring accurate property descriptions, and resolving boundary disputes, which can impact property values and transactions.

Infrastructure Development:

Surveyors play a key role in infrastructure development, including roads, bridges, and utilities.  They provide precise measurements for project design and construction.

Environmental Planning:

Surveying is used in environmental planning to assess natural resources, land use, and terrain.  This information is vital for environmental impact checks and conservation efforts.

Mining and Exploration:

In the mining industry, land surveyors assist in mineral exploration and mine development. They help show mine boundaries and conduct volumetric calculations for resource computation.


Surveying is used in agriculture for land management, including mapping fields, measuring soil properties, and assessing crop health. 

This data is valuable for precision agriculture and yield optimization.

KJASons® in Land Surveying

KJASons® is a well-known company that offers a wide range of surveying services, including land surveying

Our expertise and experience in surveying make them a valuable resource for various projects. KJASons® can assist in:

  • Boundary Surveys: Ensuring clear and legally defensible property boundaries, which is critical for landowners and real estate transactions.
  • Topographic Surveys: Creating detailed maps that illustrate the natural and artificial features of a specific area, is essential for design and construction projects.
  • Construction Staking: Providing precise stakeout points and guidance for construction activities to ensure projects are executed accurately.
  • As-Built Surveys: Verifying that constructed structures and systems match the intended design, is a critical step in construction quality control.
  • ALTA/NSPS Land Title Surveys: Conduct comprehensive surveys that adhere to the high standards of the American Land Title Association and the National Society of Professional Surveyors.
  • GPS Surveys: Leveraging state-of-the-art GPS technology for accurate positioning and measurements.
The Basics of Land Surveying

Land surveying is a fundamental practice that encompasses a wide range of applications, from construction and real estate to environmental planning and infrastructure development. 

KJASons®, a prominent company in the construction and architectural industry, offers a total suite of surveying services to meet the diverse needs of its clients. 

Their land surveying skills ensure that projects are done right, on time, and within the law, whether it’s boundary surveys, topographic mapping, or construction staking.